Topographical Surveying

Topography The shape, configuration, relief, roughness, or three-dimensional characteristics of the earth’s surface.Topographic Maps Show topography together with natural and artificial features such as streams, lakes, buildings, highways, etc.

Topographic Surveys Surveys made to determine the configuration of the earths surface and to locate natural and cultural features on it.


  • Topographic maps are used by a variety of professions from engineers, architects, foresters, geologists, etc.
  • The most common use of topographic maps is in the planning stages of projects to help design the layout and location of buildings, roads, dams, pipelines, landscapes, fire control routes, trails, etc.
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